بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم .ارجو من الاخوة اعضاء وزوار المنتدى ان يدعوا لي بدعاء مبارك انشاء الله اخوكم عثمان
 
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 هنا كل قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ادخل و تميز

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عدد الرسائل : 54
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الموقع : www.englishtown.com
تاريخ التسجيل : 03/03/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: هنا كل قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ادخل و تميز   الإثنين مارس 03, 2008 4:16 pm

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم أما بعد : اليوم جبتلكم كل ما يتعلق بقواعد اللغة الانجليزية و نبدأ في الشروع في العمل على براكة الله نبدأ بالدرس الاول ألا وهو:
The Present Continuous المضارع المستمر

1- متى نستخدم المضارع المستمر؟
نستخدم المضارع المستمر للتحدث عن شئ يحصل الآن
مثلا:
I am writing an exercise now.
تمرينا الآن أنا أكتب

Ali is playing football now.
علي يلعب الكرة الآن
The children are writing at the moment.
الأطفال يكتبون الآن
2 . تركيبة المضارع المستمر ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون المضارع المستمر من (am/are / is )+ verb + ing
playing am I
playing are You
playing is He
playing is She
playing is It
playing are We
playing are You
playing are They
يستخدم المضارع المستمر غالبا مع هذه الكلمات:now / at the moment

.3صيغة النفي في المضارع المستمر ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون النفي في المضارع المستمر بوضع كلمة not بعد ( am / are / is )
playing not am I
playing not are You
playing not is He
playing not is She
playing not is It
playing not are We
playing not are You
playing not are They

4. صيغة السؤال في المضارع المستمر ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون السؤال في المضارع المستمر بوضع (am / is / are )مكان الفاعل و الفاعل مكان ( am / are / is )
playing? I Am
playing? you Are
playing? he Is
playing? she Is
playing? It Is
playing? we Are
playing? you Are
playing? they Are






















The Present Continuous المضارع المستمر
إختبار Exercise
Exercise 1
Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form
1. Ahmed ----------------a book now.( read )
2. I ----------- about the exam at the moment. (think)
3. ------------------------- now ? ( you / sleep )
4. We ---------------------- now. (not /eat )
5. where -----------------------? ( you / go )
6. why ---------------------?( Ahmed and Ali / fight )
7. You -------------------------to me. ( not / listen )
8. The cat ---------------------------------- some milk. ( drink )
9. What ---------------------------- at the moment ? ( you / do )
10. Hello, mum. I ---------------------- you from Dubai . ( call )

Exercise 2
Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form.
1. The sun always -----------------------down in the west. (go )
2. Look! The sun -------------------------down now . (go )
3. My father never ------------------------- .( smoke )
4. They usually ----------------- to school on time. ( come )
5. My brother can’t talk to you now. He ------ his car. (repair )
6. We often ------------------ at home during the holidays . ( stay )
7. I rarely ------------------------- up late. ( stay )
8. Where ------------------------ on Fridays. (you / go )
9. Excuse me, you ---------------------- on my foot. ( stand )
10. Look at that bird, it --------------------- high in the sky. ( fly )


Answers to Exercise 1:
1. Ahmed -------is reading--------------------a book now.( read )
2. I -----am thinking-------- about the exam at the moment. ( think )
3. --Are you sleeping---------now ? ( you / sleep )
4. We ------are not eating----------------------- now. (not /eat )
5. where --------------------are you going-------------? ( you / go )
6. why --------are Ahmed and Ali fighting-------?( Ahmed and Ali / fight )
7. You ------are not listening-------------------to me. ( not / listen )
8. The cat ----------is drinking------------------------ some milk. ( drink )
9. What ----------------are you doing-------- at the moment ? ( you / do )
10. Hello, mum. I -------am calling----------- you from Dubai . ( call )

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. The sun always ---goes--------------------down in the west. (go )
2. Look! The sun -------is going------------------down now . (go )
3. My father never ------smokes------------------- .( smoke )
4. They usually ---------come-------- to school on time. ( come )
5. My brother can’t talk to you now. He is repairing- his car. (repair )
6. We often ----stay-------------- at home during the holidays . ( stay )
7. I rarely ------------stay up------------- up late. ( stay )
8. Where --------do you go---------------- on Fridays. (you / go )
9. Excuse me, you -------are standing--------------- on my foot. ( stand )
10. Look at that bird, it -----is flying--------------- high in the sky. ( fly )













The Present Simple المضارع البسيط
متى نستخدم المضارع البسيط؟
نستخدم المضارع البسيط للتحدث عن شيء يتكرر في الحاضر مثلا:
I go to school everyday.
أذهب إلى المدرسة كل يوم.
The sun rises in the East.
الشمس تطلع من الشرق.
My father always gets up early
أبي دائما يستيقظ باكرا
2. كيف يتكون المضارع البسيط؟ ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
play I
play You
Plays He
Plays She
plays It
play We
play You
play They
نلاحظ أن الفعل في المضارع البسيط يكون في أصله ما عدا مع الضمائر he she it حيث يأخذ حرف s في آخره.

3 . كيف يتكون النفي في المضارع البسيط ؟ ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون النفي في المضارع البسيط بإضافة don't / doesn't قبل أصل الفعل
play don’t We play don’t I
play don’t You play don’t You
play don’t They play doesn’t He
play doesn’t She
play doesn’t It

4 . كيف نكون السؤال في المضارع البسيط؟ ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون السؤال في المضارع البسيط بإضافة do أو does قبل الفاعل.
Play? I Do
Play ? you Do
Play ? he Does
Play ? he Does
Play ? it Does
Play ? we Do
Play ? you Do
Play ? they Do


























The Present Simple المضارع البسيط
اخبتار Exercise
Exercise
Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form:
1. Ali ----------- football.( like)
2. Aisha ----------- school.(not like)
3. the dog and the cat ----------- in the garden.( sleep )
4. Where -----------? ( you / live )
5. ----------- English well ? (you / speak )
6. The sun ----------- in the East .( rise )
7. Ahmed and Ali ----------- in Casablanca. (not live )
8. When ----------- ? ( Khalid /get up)
9. Coptic Christians ----------- seven times a day. (pray)
10. I usually ----------- rice for lunch. (have)

Answers:
1. Ali ------likes--------------------------- football.( like)
2. Aisha-----doesn't like------------ school.(not like)
3. the dog and the cat -sleep------ in the garden.( sleep )
4. Where ---do you -------live----------------? ( you / live )
5. -------Do you speak-------English well ? (you / speak )
6. The sun ---------rises----------------in the East .( rise )
7. Ahmed and Ali ---don't live------- in Salalah. (not live )
8. When ------does Khalid get up----? ( Khalid /get up)
9. Coptic Christians -- pray ------------------ seven times a day.(pray )
10. I usually --------have--------- rice for lunch. ( have)






























The Past Continuous الماضي المستمر
1. متى نستخدم الماضي المستمر؟
نستخدم الماضي المستمر للتحدث عن شئ استمر لمدة معينة في الماضي
مثلا: Yesterday from 7.00 to 8.00 ,I was watching T.V
Yesterday at 5 O’clock , Ali was reading.
Aisha and her sister were playing.
2. كيف نكون الماضي المستمر؟ ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون الماضي المستمر بإضافة كلمة was أو were قبل الفعل و إضافة ing إلى نهاية الفعل.
I Was Playing We were playing
You were playing You were playing
He was playing They were playing
She was playing
It was playing
3. كيف نكون النفي في الماضي البسيط؟ ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون النفي في الماضي البسيط بإضافة كلمة wasn’t أو weren’t قبل الفعل .
I Wasn’t playing We weren’t playing
You weren’t playing You weren’t playing
He Wasn’t playing They weren’t playing
She wasn’t playing
It wasn’t playing

4. كيف نكون السؤال في الماضي المستمر؟( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون السؤال في الماضي المستمر بوضع was أو were قبل الفاعل.
was I playing? Were we playing?
Were you playing? Were you playing?
was he playing? Were they playing?
Was she playing?
Was it playing?









































The Past Continuous الماضي المستمر
إختبار Exercise
Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form
1. They ---------- when I arrived. (fight)
2. She ---------- a meal when the lights went out.(cook)
3. What ---------- when I phoned you? ( you/do)
4. When I arrived, everybody ---------- .(sleep)
5. My mother ---------- T.V. when I came.( not watch )
6. The pupils ---------- .(not listen)
7. The dog -----------------------------------a bone in the garden when it saw a cat. (eat)
8. Why ------------------------------when I was talking? (you laugh)
9. --------------------dinner when the police arrived? (you / have)
10. My father -----------------a newspaper when the bell rang. (read)

Answers:
1. They------were fighting------------------- when I arrived.
2. She --------was cooking------a meal when the lights went out.
3. What ---were you doing----------when I phoned you?
4. When I arrived, everybody ---was sleeping---------------.
5. My mother ----was not watching----V. when I came.
6. The pupils---------were not listening--------.
7. The dog ---was eating-a bone in the garden when it saw a cat.
8. Why ---were you laughing-when I was talking?
9. -Were you having-dinner when the police arrived?
10. My father –was reading-a newspaper when the bell rang.




























The Past Simple الماضي البسيط
نستخدم الماضي البسيط لنتحدث عن شئ حصل و انتهى في الماضي. مثلا:
Last week, I played volleyball.
Three years ago, I visited Dubai.
Yesterday, Ali watched a film on T.V.
ملاحظة: هذه بعض الكلمات التي تخبرنا على أن الجملة في الماضي البسيط: yesterday -ago -last...
.2كيف نكون الماضي البسيط؟ ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون الماضي البسيط بإضافة ed إلى آخر الفعل.

played I
played You
played He
played She
played It
played We
played You
played They
ملاحظة: تنطبق هذه القاعدة على جميع الأفعال ما عدا الأفعال
الشاذة. راجع صفحة الأفعال الشاذة (irregular verbs) لتعرف كيف تصبح في الماضي البسيط

.3 كيف نكون النفي في الماضي البسيط ؟ ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون النفي في الماضي البسيط بإضافة كلمة didn't قبل مصدر الفعل.

I didn't play We didn't play
You didn't play You didn't play
He didn't play They didn't play
She didn't play
It didn't play

.4 كيف نطرح السؤال في الماضي البسيط?( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
نكون السؤال في الماضي البسيط بوضع كلمة did قبل الفاعل و نضع مصدر الفعل بعد الفاعل.
play? we Did play? I Did
play? you Did play? you Did
play? they Did play? he Did
play? she Did
play? It Did












The Past Simple الماضي البسيط
اخبتار Exercise
Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form.
1. Yesterday, Khalid ---------- in bed all day. (stay)
2. She ---------- breakfast this morning. (not have)
3. Last week, we ---------- a football match. ( play)
4. ---------- the homework ? ( you / do )
5. Why ---------- late ? ( she / arrive )
6. Basma ---------- to school yesterday. (not come )
7. Where --------------------------- your holidays ? ( you / spend )
8. In 1998, We------------------------- to Agadir.( go )
9. A few years ago, many villages in my country -------------------electricity. (not have )
10. I ------------------------- a terrible accident yesterday. ( see )

Answers:
1.Yesterday, Khalid stayed--------------------------- in bed all day. (stay)
2. She ---------didn’t have------------------ breakfast this morning. (not have)
3. Last week, we ---played------------------------ a football match. ( play)
4. ------Did you do-------------------------------- the homework ? ( you / do )
5. Why -----did she arrive--------------------------------------late ? ( she / arrive )
6. Basma ----didn’t come--------------------- to school yesterday. (not come )
7. Where –did you spend-------------------------- your holidays ? ( you / spend )
8. In 1998, We-----went-------------------- to Muscat.( go )
9. A few years ago, many villages in my country –didn’t have------------------electricity. (not have )
10. I --saw--------------------- a terrible acccident yesterday. ( see )






















Index 2
9 The Future Simple
المستقبل البسيط
10 The Present Perfect
المضارع التام
11 The Past Perfect
الماضي التام
12 Wh- Questions
الاسئلة التى تبدا بحرفى Wh
13 Articles
ادوات التعريف
14 The Passive Voice
المبنى للمجهول
15 Asking for Permission
طلب الأذن
16 Asking about the Way
السؤال عن الطريق





The Future Simple المستقبل البسيط
متى نستخدم المستقبل؟
نستخدم المستقبل عندما نريد أن نتحدث عن شيء ننوي القيام به أو شيء سوف يحصل في المستقبل.
مثلا:
I'll travel tomorrow
سوف أسافر غدا.
My father will buy a car next week
والدي سوف يشتري سيارة السنة القادمة.
كيف نكون الفعل في المستقبل؟( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
أو إختصارها( ll' ) قبل الفعل.will يتكون الفعل في المستقبل بوضع كلمة
I 'll play We 'll play
You 'll play You 'll play
He 'll play They 'll play
She 'll play
It 'll play

كيف نكون السؤال في المستقبل؟( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
نكون السؤال في المستقبل بوضع will مكان الفاعل و الفاعل مكان will
will I play? will We play?
will you play? will You play?
will He play? will They play?
will She play?
will It play?

كيف نكون النفي في المستقبل؟( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون النفي في المستقبل بإضافة كلمة won't قبل مصدر الفعل.
I won't play We won't play
you won't play You won't play
He won't play They won't play
She won't play
It won't play

إستعمال going to للتحدث عن المستقبل
يمكن أيضا تكوين المستقبل بوضع going to مسبوقة بالتصريف المناسب لفعل to be
مثلا: I'm going to have a party tomorrow
سوف أنظم حفلا غدا.
My sister is going to get married next spring
أختي سوف تتزوج في الربيع القادم.





مـــوفــــقــــون باذن الــــــــــلـــــــه تــعــالــىـــــــ

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